СТАНЦІЯ 15.4

Що ми робили на канікулах?

In this station, you will learn:

  • perfective verbs in the past tense
  • adverbs used with perfectives verbs
  • imperfective and perfective verbs
  • to use imperfective and perfective verbs in specific contexts
  • to talk about New Year’s resolutions and results

In the next slides, you will review and practice imperfective and perfective verbs.

Imperfective vs Perfective

Imperfective (process)Perfective (result)
no prefixwith prefix
готуватиприготувати
читатипрочитати
вчитививчити
писатинаписати
ходитисходити
with suffixno suffix
даватидати
longer suffixshorter suffix
купуватикупити
suffix -а-/-я-suffix -и-/-і-
прилітатиприлетіти
suffix -a-suffix -ну-
стрибатистрибнути

Most Ukrainian verbs come in pairs of imperfective and perfective variants: писатинаписати, готуватиприготувати.

Perfective verbs are used to describe a single event in its entirety, stressing the result of a verbal action.

Imperfective verbs are used to describe processes, ongoing events, and habitual actions or events.

In the next slides, you will use perfective to describe activities in the past.

The following adverbs require the perfective: 

нарешті “finally”
зненацька “suddenly”
несподівано “unexpectedly”
в одну мить “in one moment”
миттєво “momentarily”
зразу ж “right away”, ‘immediately”

Read the text about Oksana’s New Year resolutions. Has she accomplished all of them?

Read the text again and be ready to answer more questions.

What New Year resolutions did you accomplish last year?

Share your answers on the forum.

(*student sign-in required)

In the next slides, you will practice using imperfective and perfective verbs to describe past activities.

Complete the following quiz: