ЗУСТРІЧ 16.1

В супермаркеті і на базарі

In this meeting, you will learn:

  • nouns in the accusative case (Я купила каву. “I bought coffee.”)
  • nouns in the genitive case (Я не купила кави. “I did not buy coffee.”)
  • vocabulary (food)
  • to discuss what one can buy at the market
a Look at the pictures. Listen and follow along. [S16.1]
b Listen and repeat. [S16.1]

c On the weekend you were planning a party. Complete the sentence with a list of grocery items you wanted to buy for your party.

Я хотів/ хотіла купити:

______________________________________________________.
______________________________________________________.
______________________________________________________.
______________________________________________________.
______________________________________________________.

d Share your results.

Grammar in Focus:

Nouns (inanimate) in the Accusative Case

FormSingular
Nominative ⟶ Accusative
Plural
Nominative ⟶ Accusative
Feminine nouns, ending in –a:морква ⟶ морквy
ковбаса ⟶ ковбасу
*Singular only
ковбаси ⟶ ковбаси
(various kinds of)
Feminine nouns, ending in –я:цибуля ⟶ цибулю
полуниця ⟶ полуницю
*singular only
полуниці ⟶ полуницi
Masculine nouns, ending in a consonant:виноград ⟶ виноград
буряк ⟶ буряк
сік ⟶ сік
сир ⟶ сир
*singular only
буряки ⟶ буряки
соки – соки
(various kinds of)
сири – сири
(various kinds of)
Neuter nouns, ending in –о:яблуко ⟶ яблукояблука ⟶ яблука
Neuter nouns, ending in – е:яйце ⟶ яйцеяйця ⟶ яйця

* Certain nouns exist in the singular form only: морква “carrot,” капуста “cabbage,” цибуля “onions,” кава “coffee.” No plural form is possible.

** There are also nouns that are considered noncount nouns in their singular form: виноград “grapes,” сир “cheese,” ковбаса “sausage,” сік “juice.” These nouns, when used in plural, gain the meaning of “various kinds or types of [cheese, grapes, sausages, juice etc.].”

a Work collaboratively. This is a farmer’s market in Lviv. Discuss what you can buy there, following the pattern.

  • Що ми можемо тут купити?
  • Тут, ми можемо купити перець.

[ click on the image to enlarge]

b Share your results.

a Look at the pictures. Listen and follow along to hear what was not bоught. [S16.2]

b Listen and repeat. [S16.2]

c On the weekend you went grocery shopping. Complete the sentence with a list of grocery items that you did not buy.

Я не купив/купила:

______________________________________________________.
______________________________________________________.
______________________________________________________.
______________________________________________________.
______________________________________________________.

d Share your results.

Grammar in Focus:

Nouns in the Genitive Case

Usage Singular
Nominative ⟶ Genitive
Plural
Nominative ⟶ Genitive
Feminine nouns, ending in –a: морква – моркви
ковбаса – ковбаси
*аbsent
ковбаси – ковбас
Feminine nouns, ending in –я: цибуля – цибулі
полуниця – полуниці
*аbsent
полуниці – полуниць
Masculine nouns, ending in a consonant: персик – персика
буряк – буряка
персики – персиків
буряки – буряків
Neuter nouns, ending in –о: яблуко – яблука яблука – яблук
Neuter nouns, ending in –е: яйце – яйця яйця – яєць

* Certain nouns exist only in singular form, e.g., морква, цибуля, капуста, виноград.

a Work collaboratively. Go back to Вправа 2(a) and discuss what you cannot buy at the farmer’s market, following the pattern.

Pattern:

  • Що ми не можемо тут купити?
  • Тут ми не можемо купити бананів.

b Share your results.

a You regularly go to the farmer’s market. What do you normaly buy there?

Pattern:  На базарі я завжди/ часто/ іноді купую помідори, картоплю, черешні, капусту, яблука.

b You regularly go to the farmer’s market. What do you never buy there?

Pattern:  На базарі я ніколи не купую бананів.